You’d hardly come across news regarding emergency funds being released for tackling a disease that impacts plants. However, this is exactly what happened when the University of Florida and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service provided $1.5 Million in emergency funding to UCR scientists to tackle Citrus Greening Disease — also known as Huanglongbing, or HLB.
The disease has threatened Florida’s citrus produce, the state that grows 80% of America’s fresh citrus.
“If you find a disease affecting your crops, a good first step is to look for plants that are able to grow and produce despite infection,” said UCR geneticist Danelle Seymour. “Then you can start to identify the genetic basis of the disease tolerance and make sure the next generation of plants includes these genes.”UCR geneticist Danelle Seymour.
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Tackling the Diseases Through Genetic Modification
The approach that UCR scientists are using to tackle this includes two steps. First, identifying and early removing infected plants, so the bacteria does not spread. Second, understand the genetic basis of this disease and try gene modification of the citrus plants.
“If you find a disease affecting your crops, a good first step is to look for plants that are able to grow and produce despite infection. Then you can start to identify the genetic basis of the disease tolerance and make sure the next generation of plants includes these genes.”UCR geneticist Danelle Seymour
$11M to Combat and Prevent Citrus Greening Disease
The $1.5 Million grant that UCR scientists obtained was part of The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) announced today an investment of nearly $11 million for research to combat Huanglongbing (HLB),
“NIFA’s Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension program brings the nation’s top scientists together with citrus industry representatives to find scientifically sound solutions to combat and prevent HLB at the farm-level. “This year’s awards represent all three major U.S. citrus growing regions and include possible solutions ranging from blocking HLB transmission from inside the insect vector to utilizing novel anti-microbial peptides to treat HLB-infected trees.”NIFA Director Dr. Carrie Castille
Other Universities and Funding Detail
Per NIFA’s corporate website, here is a quick break-up of the $11 Million for the citrus greening diseases.
Texas A&M AgriLife Research will leverage public-private partnerships between state agencies, universities, USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, and the citrus industry to pursue advanced testing and commercialization of promising HLB therapies and extend outcomes to stakeholders. ($7,000,000)
University of California, Riverside will build on previous work and evaluate the performance of 300 hybrid citrus trees in established trials to map HLB tolerance/resistance genes and release superior new rootstocks. ($1,499,998)
University of Florida seeks to develop a bacterial pathogen transmission blocking strategy (specifically to block Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the pathogen that causes HLB) toward mitigation of citrus greening-related losses in an integrated pest management framework. ($1,020,810)
University of Florida’s project will support the needs of both commercial and residential citrus growers by comparing new tools to support young trees and develop management recommendations for the incorporation of each tool into production and residential settings. ($750,000)
University of Florida aims to introduce and transfer the natural HLB resistance present in Australian limes into conventional citrus to produce HLB-resistant Australian lime hybrid rootstocks and deploy these hybrids to protect susceptible citrus scions against HLB. ($500,000)NIFA
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